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This is the Sharenet company blog where we will bring you the latest news and events on the go at Sharenet, together with tips on using our site and our products.

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    Quarter ends on a positive note

    The JSE ends the third quarter on a high note. Touching 30 204 in late trading. This last quarter was very volatile, but investors have forgotten what they were nervous off in mid August. The market breadth was positive and over 10 shares trading at a new high or 12 month high.

    AGI Industries was previously known as Africa Glass Industries. It’s a large producer and supplier of glass and aluminium products used in construction industry for houses and skyscrapers.

    It operates from over 50 manufacturing and distribution centres around the country. The majority 71% of its products are beneficiated, with 29% of sales unbeneficiated (i.e. bulk and cut to size glass).

    One would have thought that a company such as this, with a majority of its sales as value added and especially in the building industry would have performed very well, but this was not to be for the last year.

    Today it released results for the year to June. It’s not too impressive when a company takes 3 months to release its annual numbers. Most large multinationals take 4 – 6 weeks.

    On the 21 September the company issued a trading statement saying that its basic earnings per share would be lower by 15% to 20% and that headline EPS would be down 70% to 75%. The market was clearly not expecting such a large decline and the price fell sharply from around 500c to 350c on large volumes.

    Today the actual results were released and basic EPS was down 18% to 33,5c while headline EPS fell 73% to 10,9c from 41,1c. Clearly there is a big difference between basic EPS and headline EPS in this case.

    Well the big swing factor was the profit on sale of its Roodekop property for a profit of R67m.

    When added to property from operations of R46m, the full after tax profit for the year does not look too bad at R69m from R83,3m, but clearly the profit on sale of the property is a once off and must therefore be excluded.

    The biggest problem cited was the aluminium division, which was impacted by operating problems.

    The company’s gearing raced up from 64% to 81% due to capex and problems at Roodekop. With the sale and leaseback of this property to Pangbourne Properties, gearing will reduce to a more manageable 40%.

    With the new production facility, reduced gearing and ongoing boom in construction, the company is positive for the year ahead. It’s looking for a significant improvement in profitability in the first half of 2008.

    So despite the negative results the price jumped up 4,5% in late trading to 392c. At this price on a 10,9c EPS its expensive, but if earnings can normalise at much higher levels back to 41c, then its not expensive.

    Have a great weekend

    Ian de Lange

    Permalink2007-09-28, 16:30:27, by ian Email , Leave a comment

    JSE Firm But "Toppish"


    The JSE opened firm today after profit taking on the bourse yesterday. Traders believe the market is looking a bit "toppish" today.

    The rand is range bound, consolidating after a week of gains. Traders expect the local unit to trade between R6.86-R6.92/$.


    Wall street is set for a lower and nervous start later today as investors look ahead to a slew of economic reports. Inflation and recession fears are still prominent.

    Most European markets opened lower this morning.

    Chinese shares closed on a record high today ahead of the week holiday ahead. Investors eagerly bought stocks in the hopes of making an automatic profit when the market opens again. Japanese shares, on the other hand, closed lower today after a huge sell-off in property-related stocks.


    AG Industries have reported a 6% increased in revenue for the year ending June 30. However, pre-tax profit has slumped by 41% and profit from operations was down by 64%.

    Rio Tinto's proposed $40 billion takeover of Canada's Alcan was boosted by the majority of shareholders voting in favour of the deal today.

    RBA Holdings have increased headline earnings per share by 105% for the interim period ending June 30.

    Permalink2007-09-28, 13:54:13, by Marika Email , Leave a comment

    How High (or Low) Can You Go?

    After seeing the JSE ALSI break through the 30 000 level earlier today, and even reach 30 178 at one stage (hence trading at new highs), I decided to have a look at some of the underlying stocks, and where they were trading relative to their highs. It makes for some interesting reading!

    Out of the largest 10 shares on the JSE (which account for approximately 50% of the total market capitalisation) there were shares as far as 18.9% and 14.6% off their highs (Anglo Platinum and Firstrand respectively), while others were much closer to all time highs, with Richemont, BHPBilliton, and MTN all within 2.5% of their all time highs.

    Taking a look at some other selected large cap shares we can see some common themes emerging.

    Gold shares are still way off their highs, which were generally reached more than a year ago. Anglo Gold is off 16.80%, Goldfields 28.40%, and Harmony a whopping 55.50%. Even before it’s recent drop off (when it was trading at R 100) Goldfields was 46.60% off its all time high reached in May 2002! This kind of underperformance will test even the most hardened of long term investors! Make no mistake, there have been periods (over this time) where gold shares all performed well, but a buy and hold strategy over the last 5 years or so has not been a winning strategy!

    Financials, owing mainly to the sub-prime contagion, are also generally well off their highs (although thankfully their performance over the last 5 years has been good) with Investec down nearly 30%. Standard Bank is doing well, but is still off 12.50%.

    Resources and Industrials are generally nearer their all time highs, but even there we have cases like Imperial (which is down 25.90% since its high) which are still relatively depressed.

    What does all this tell us? And how can we use this information to our advantage?

    Firstly, the misnomer of the ALSI: The ALSI is an average, which results many shares performing differently from it (one just needs to look at the Gold Index). Just because the ‘market’ is at all time highs, doesn’t mean that your portfolio is as well. You need to understand where you are invested and what variables will affect your portfolio.

    Secondly, it doesn’t take a rocket scientist to be able to appreciate the importance of diversification. Sure putting all your eggs in the construction basket over the last few years has paid off handsomely, but investing everything in gold shares would’ve hurt! Uncorrelated assets will provide equal returns to highly correlated assets over the very long run, but over shorter period help to make the returns smoother.

    Finally, with different sectors (and companies within the various sectors) performing well at different stages there is opportunity for those investors who have time and expertise to identify these areas and outperform the ALSI. Active asset management can provide excess returns. It is not an easy feat (confirmed by the fact that over the long run most asset managers will underperform the market) but those who have a consistent robust process should be able to add value.

    Hopefully this has provided you with some insight into the market, and will assist you in getting superior performance (whether it is in your own share portfolio, by selecting the best fund managers, or teaming up with a consultant who will be able to give you personalised recommendations).

    Our simple website is now up and running and can be viewed at www.seedinvestments.co.za. Have a good day!

    Kind regards,

    Mike Browne

    Permalink2007-09-27, 18:01:03, by Mike Email , Leave a comment

    Strong World Markets


    The JSE opened firmer this morning, taking its cue from strong world markets. Local PPI data was better than expected, slowing to 9.4% in August after a 10.3% increase in July.

    The rand is still on the front foot thanks to positive sentiment in emerging market currencies. The local unit is drifting towards the R6.82/$ mark.


    Wall Street is set to open higher today, extending its rally from the previous session. Investors are waiting for several economic readings and news of a possible stake sell-off by Bear Stearns.

    European markets opened firmer this morning after Wall Street's overnight performance and the news of a bid offer by Spanish businessman Jose Maria Ruiz-Mateos for Northern Rock.

    Asian markets rallied today, ending stronger. Hong Kong, Australia and Singapore markets closed on fresh highs as investors are more positive about the earnings season ahead.


    Kairos Industrial Holdings expect earnings and headline earnings per share to be between 145-155% lower than last year. Shares in the company were down by more than 37% after they issued this trading update.

    Chrometco have sold their Rooderand chrome project to private company DCM Chrome for R60 million in cash. The funds from this transaction will be used to further the company's current projects.

    Astrapak's shareholders have voted against allowing directors to issue shares for cash as they have concerns about dilution and their voting rights.

    Permalink2007-09-27, 13:18:15, by Marika Email , Leave a comment

    Should investors be concerned about inflation?

    Inflation numbers for August had no real impact on the market today. Cpi-x came in at 6,3% year on year, slightly down from the 6,5% in July. Most consumers disagree with the inflation number, especially when doing grocery shopping, but as investors should we even be concerned about this release?

    Its true, food prices have been pushing up the inflation numbers and in August the annual rate of increase for food was running at 11,1% up from 10,2% in July. A range of foodstuffs such as meat, grain products, milk, cheese, eggs, coffee, fish, tea, sugar etc were cited as culprits.

    This is not a local phenomena. Looking at some of the charts of soft commodities such as wheat,

    But coming back to the question of inflation and whether we should elevate its status when making investment decisions? The answer is probably not? Looking back at inflation over SA history, it picked up from single digits to double digits in the mid 70’s and then sharply up again from the turbulent mid 80’s, until Chris Stals broke the back of it with high interest rates in the early 1990’s.

    It officially moved back into single digits in 1992 and has for the most part been there except for an upward spike in 2002.

    But over the high inflationary period how did equities react. Well looking back over that time the JSE All Share index performed very strongly. Yes it came with lots of volatility, but clearly owners of real assets were not too concerned with the inflation.

    In a high inflationary period an investor wants to hold real assets. These naturally include ownership stakes in businesses because for the most part a business as an ability to pass on inflation pressures to their customers and so over time increase earnings in line with or slightly ahead of inflation.

    With the US dropping interest rates for the first time in 4 years by the 50 points, they are signalling that they are not concerned about inflation. That is tomorrow’s problem. Today’s problem is providing liquidity to prop up financial markets. There is now a stronger possibility of inflationary pressures picking up, but I believe that this is net net positive for owners of real assets.

    Today global markets ended up. This despite all the negative news. I was asked last night on CNBC Africa whether negative economic news means a change in strategy on asset allocation. The answer is no – its important to look at valuations of assets in absolute and relative terms as a more important method t determine the appropriate asset allocation.

    That’s all for today. Have a look at our one page website. www.seedinvestments.co.za.


    Ian de Lange

    Permalink2007-09-26, 21:45:37, by ian Email , Leave a comment

    JSE Flat Ahead of Local Data


    The JSE is drifting along tentatively ahead of the release of local CPI and CPIX data later today. "Resources have slumped a bit after profit taking, while banks are performing well. There is no definite direction from overseas markets so investors are looking ahead at local data," remarked a Cape Town based trader.

    The rand is stronger this morning on the back of a weaker dollar. The euro hit another record high against the dollar before succumbing to some profit-taking.


    Wall Street is set to open higher today. A tentative end to a 2 day strike at General Motors (GM) is likely to boost blue chip stocks.

    Most European markets opened higher this morning as Northern Rock shares rose after receiving various approach news.

    Asian markets closed mixed today on the back of changes in the Japanese government and losses in Australian metals prices.


    PropTrax, Africa's first property tracker fund, listed on the JSE yesterday with an opening price of R35.45. It is an exchange traded fund or an index tracking fund which tracks the performance of the FTSE/JSE South Africa's listed property index.

    Kagiso Media have reported an 18% increase in diluted headline earnings per share for the year ending June 2007. Operating profit increased by 14% to R236 million while profit increased by 10%.

    Sovereign Foods expect earnings per share and headline earnings per share for the 6 months ending August 2007 to be between 20-30% higher. Results will be released around the 27th of September 2007.

    Permalink2007-09-26, 12:05:56, by Marika Email , Leave a comment

    Lots of economic data - what strategy to adopt?

    Spending some time looking at the raft of economic data released, I now know why economists can get so bogged down. On any given day around the world there are weekly, monthly and quarterly releases, and then revisions. Economists also spend time thinking up new ways of looking at data.

    All the economic data I looked at over the last 2 days appears negative.

    Confidence indicators are designed as a leading indicator to try and assess how confident consumers and businesses are at any point in time and how this confidence changes

    In Germany the monthly IFO business climate index was released. It is a survey of 7000 businesses. It weakened today for the 4th time in a row and a 19 month low. The big concerns for German business are the strength of the Euro and increasing cost of credit.

    The important US consumer confidence index was released, falling to below expectations. The outlook was for a decline to around 104, from 105,6 but it dipped to 99,8 – its lowest level in 2 years.

    Linked to consumer and business confidence and central to the credit crisis is the US home sales. Large US homebuilder, Lennar Corp reported big losses. And the S&P Case Shiller home price index came out today with home prices falling by biggest margin 3,9%, started in 2001, up every month except from Jan this year, down each month.

    So there is lots of bad economic data coming out, supporting general more accommodative central bank policies, led by the US.

    The amount of data released is mind-numbing and in many cases serves to scare investors. Often they fall back to the default position – “Its just too volatile out there, I think I will wait a bit until things get a bit clearer.”

    But if you spend your time looking at the data and getting caught up in the noise of economic releases, it will always appears too volatile to do anything. And just when the economic data starts to clear and look positive, that is when assets are fully priced.

    Investors should be asking themselves 2 questions:

    . In a global economy that is devaluing currency, where is the value?

    . What type of asset allocation model should I then adopt?

    I have been asked to be on CNBC Africa this evening (channel 54) at 8:00pm. I hope to cover some of these topics.

    Kind regards

    Ian de Lange

    Permalink2007-09-25, 17:01:11, by ian Email , Leave a comment

    BHP Billiton Boosts JSE


    The JSE opened firmer this morning on the back of stronger resource shares, especially BHP Billiton. A report released in the UK has sparked interest in the group ahead of it's annual report later today.

    The rand is still trading just below the R7/$ level. Traders expect the local unit to trade between R6.95-R7.03/$ today.


    Wall Street is set to open weaker today after major retailers warned that there could be a slowdown in consumer spending and sales. This has sparked recession concerns.

    Most European markets have opened weaker this morning. The FTSE is lower following a weaker close on Wall Street overnight and a poor outlook for BP's third-quarter revenue.

    The Nikkei closed higher today after the announcement of Yasuo Fukuda as Japan's new head of the ruling Liberal Democratic Party.


    Wilson Bayly Holmes has announced that they have bought a majority stake in pipe-laying business Insitu Pipelines.

    Illiad Africa and a consortium led by Absa Capital Equity Investments are no longer in talks after an offer by the consortium.

    SABMiller plc have reported an 11% rise in underlying beer volumes for the 5 months ending August. This is a slight slow-down to the 13% reported after the April-June first-quarter volumes.

    Permalink2007-09-25, 12:33:01, by Marika Email , Leave a comment

    The Importance of Staying the Path

    There’s nothing like a bit of volatility (read pull back) in the market to shake out some of the cobwebs, and focus one’s mind!

    Investors have experienced one of the strongest bull markets experienced in South Africa, and complacency can often creep into the investment decision process. Extrapolating recent periods into perpetuity is often a dangerous game, as the market is hardly ever in equilibrium. Doing this will result in investors generally being too pessimistic when there’s value around, and being too optimistic when values are stretched.

    By sitting down and constructing a plan (and then importantly sticking to it) an investor can hopefully avoid the emotional pitfalls, and use the market’s volatility to their favour. And when the market drops by more than 13% and then rises over 15.5% in a matter of 2 months (as the ALSE has) you can be sure that your emotions will be tested.

    By consistently rebalancing your portfolio’s asset allocation to predefined levels you are able to take advantage of the old adage of buying low and selling high. Using a simple two asset class example is probably the best way to illustrate the effect:

    Investor A’s optimal asset mix is 50% equity and 50% bonds. If the equities outperform bonds, then the portfolio will be overweight equities. At the rebalancing date (for example half yearly) the investor would reduce his equity holdings, and by doing so sell the more expensive asset, and purchase bonds which will be more attractive on a relative basis.

    This is an excellent risk strategy, which can be employed across a wide range of asset classes as well as among your shares in your share portfolio among other uses. In this way your exposure to each asset isn’t allowed to go over predetermined limits. Part of a successful strategy is ensuring that your risk levels are always at acceptable levels, by managing your risk; you are indirectly managing your returns.

    For those investors who have been caught in the headlights by the increase in market volatility over the last few months, be warned. There is a good chance that volatility will be here to stay for the foreseeable future, and this means that having a plan (and sticking to it) is all the more important to those investors who want to achieve their financial goals.

    Have a good long weekend and good luck to the Springboks tomorrow!

    Kind regards,

    Mike Browne

    Permalink2007-09-21, 14:32:59, by Mike Email , Leave a comment

    Profit Taking Day


    The JSE has opened slightly lower this morning on the back of profit-taking after the bourse's rally a few days ago. Most world markets are taking a step back and recovering after Wall Street cut interest rates, dampened by rising oil prices and a weaker dollar.

    The rand is still firm today as it hovers near the R7.00/$ level. The dollar is still under some pressure and traders expect the local unit to trade between R6.98-R7.07/$ range today.


    Wall Street is set to open higher today. Some positive earnings reports seems to have pushed inflation fears aside for now.

    European markets have opened stronger this morning. The euro has hit another record high against the dollar, breaking through $1.41.

    Asian markets closed mixed today. Hong Kong shares closed on a record high while Japanese exporters suffered losses due to a stronger yen.


    Pinnacle Technology Holdings have reported a 43% increase in diluted headline earnings per share for the year ending June. Revenue increased by 62% while operating profit increased by 74%.

    Discovery Health has announced a 9.8% increase in contributions for 2008. The increase applies to all Discovery's plans.

    Lonrho has signed a letter of intent and a formal term sheet to acquire 51% and board control of "Socremo - Banco de Microfinancas" - the Mozambican Microfinance Bank.

    Permalink2007-09-21, 13:14:28, by Marika Email , Leave a comment

    Investors short the US dollar

    The weak US dollar makes internationally traded commodities possibly appear more attractive than they currently are. Gold is slowly heading back to its 1980 highs of $850/oz. But wait this is only in nominal terms. Adjusting for inflation, the price should be around $2400/oz.

    The US dollar index has weakened steadily since having a 10 year peak in 2002/2003 at 120. This index has been steadily declining to now below the crucial 80 level. This index measures the trade weighted exchange rates of the US dollar against a basket of 6 currencies, the Euro (57,6%), the Japanese Yen (13,6%), GBP (11,9%), Canadian Dollar (9,1%), Swedish Kronor (4,2%) and the Swiss Franc (3,6%).

    The sharp drop of 0,5% by the US Federal reserve this week has pushed the US dollar weaker and some are looking for a level of 75 on the index.

    At an international investment presentation yesterday, Piet Viljoen from RECM showed a chart of the US dollar index and commented that they believe the currency appears relatively cheap and is providing an opportunity for value investors.

    The dollar weakened this week trading at parity to the Canadian dollar for the first time since the 1970’s.

    Gold was testing multi decade highs at $736/oz.

    Energy shares have galloped up on the back of the firm crude oil price. Locally Sasol moved up firmly and closed at R329 after trading at a new high of R331.

    A big day on the local market with the third quarter futures close out. Almost R19 billion was traded with over 83500 trades.

    Anglo had the largest value traded at over R2,2 billion

    Billiton traded almost R2 billion today.

    The spurt provided by the surprise interest rate drop on late Tuesday was short lived and US markets were trading down around 0,5% late afternoon Thursday.

    Alan Greenspan, was reported on Bloomberg as saying that there is a one third possibility of a recession even with the latest fed rate cut. He has just released his book titled, “The Age of Turbulence: Adventures in a New World.”

    Kind regards

    Ian de Lange

    Permalink2007-09-20, 19:59:50, by ian Email , Leave a comment

    JSE Recovers After Strong Rally


    The JSE opened slightly weaker this morning after closing by almost 4% higher yesterday. "The market is consolidating today after yesterday's strong run and we expect to see some profit taking," remarked a Cape Town based trader.

    The rand is steady and still in range today thanks to a firm gold price, positive emerging market currencies and the strong close on Wall Street. Traders expect the local unit to trade between R7.00-R7.12/$ today.


    Wall Street is set to open weaker today as investors await an earnings report from Bear Stearns (a Wall Street firm) and testimony from Fed Chairman Ben Bernanke.

    European markets opened weaker this morning on the back of continued concerns in the banking sector.

    The Nikkei closed higher thanks to gains in the steel and property sector. Other Asian markets closed firmer, extending recent gains after Tuesday's announcement on Wall Street.


    Gold Fields are planning on de-listing on the London Stock Exchange on 22 October. They have been listed there since June 1969 and only 0.26% of their shareholders hold shares on the LSE.

    The South African Competition Tribunal has given the go ahead to Dyno Nobel to acquire a 50% stake in Sasol Dyno Nobel for US$34.5 million.

    Stefanutti & Bressan has acquired majority stakes in Skelton & Plummer for R68.2 million and Civil & Coastal Construction for R20 million.

    Permalink2007-09-20, 13:05:08, by Marika Email , Leave a comment

    Global liquidity boost

    As expected global markets received a solid boost today. The JSE top 40 index jumped 4% to 27116 and the JSE All Share index up 3,6% to 29808, so very close back up to its new highs. Gold up 3% as bullion traded at $722/oz.

    Europe markets moved up between 2,3% and 3,3%

    Asian markets were generally strong, except for Shanghai down 0,55%

    The more relevant Nikkei and Hang Seng indices gained 3,7% and 3,98% respectively.

    Very big gains on the top 40 index with Billiton at a new high in rands at 23174c, up 6,7%

    Anglos gained 7,6% to 44625c, with R1,5 trillion traded.

    Sasol up 4,85% to 32399c

    So central bankers have once again given global markets the necessary underpin that they require. Confidence for the time being is back and short anyone with any short positions at the end of yesterday ahead of the rate cut were covering quickly today.

    The US markets are now up around 0,8%.

    That’s all for today – short and sweet

    Don’t hesitate to drop me a mail with any questions that you have on investments and your planning and I will spend some time over the coming weekend answering any pertinent emails.


    Ian de Lange

    Permalink2007-09-19, 18:42:25, by ian Email , Leave a comment

    Wall Street Rallies On Fed's Decision


    The JSE has opened stronger this morning on the back of a rally on Wall Street overnight. The Dow ended more than 2.5% up after the Fed announced that they were cutting interest rates by 50 basis points. Most traders believe that this rate cut is just a short-term fix and doesn't eliminate problems in the market.

    The rand is sharply firmer today reaching a near 6 week high against the dollar. The euro also hit highs against the dollar which has taken a back foot after the Fed's rate cut. The local unit is expected to trade between R7.03-R7.12/$ today.


    Wall Street is set to open stronger today after posting good gains overnight. Many people expected the Fed to be far more cautious with their rate cut so were pleasantly surprised when they cut it by more than the quarter percentage point many expected. Investors are eyeing a slew of economic reports due later today.

    Most European markets opened higher today. The FTSE 100 has rallied on the back of news from Wall Street and strong financial stocks.

    Most Asian markets closed higher today, spurred on by Wall Street's gains. Property shares led Hong Kong to a record high while the financial sector boosted Japanese markets.


    Technology and business solutions company EOH has reported a 40% increase in revenue for the year ending July 2007. Headline earnings per share was up by 24% and dividends per share were up by 43%. EOH's growth strategy will remain "focused on organic growth, supplemented by strategic acquisitions."

    The SABC's profits have dropped from R382 million reported in the 2005/2006 financial year to R182 million in the 2006/2007 financial year. Dali Mpofu, SABC chief executive, attributed these results to "the corporation's investment in and upgrade of infrastructure and new technology."

    Phumelela Gaming & Leisure expect their basic earnings per share to be between 70-80% higher than the previous year. They will release their results for the 12 months ending July on the 1st of October.

    Permalink2007-09-19, 12:08:20, by Marika Email , Leave a comment

    US Federal Reserve drops interest rates by 0,5%

    Market participants were all eyes on the US Federal Reserve today. The anticipation was for a drop of 0,25%, but they came along with a 0,5% drop, giving shares a big boost. Late in the day the Dow was up almost 2%, the S&P 500 up 2,2% and the NASDAQ index up 2%.

    Bloomberg reported that US producer price inflation dropped by 1,4% in August, the biggest drop since last October and more than forecasted. Investors took this as positive news and some confirmation that the US Federal Reserve would have enough ammunition to drop interest rates.

    This was the first time in four years now that the world’s largest economy has cut their interest rate. The official announcment said, “Developments in financial markets since the committee's last regular meeting have increased the uncertainty surrounding the economic outlook.”

    Clearly the US central bank does not want the property debt problems escalating into even bigger problems, and saw fit to cut its core rate to 4,75%. Unlike the local central bank, the US Federal Reserve has a mandate of both price stability and economic growth – it’s a tough mandate.

    Today it spoke about disruptions in the financial market and this has the possibility of “restrain economic growth more generally.” The decision to cut back by 0,5% was unanimous.

    The US Fed took rates down to 1% following 2001 into 2003 and this has been at the centre of blame for the global glut of liquidity. They steadily took it back up to 5,25% in June 2006 and now the cycle is turning again. This time with a new chairman at the helm – Ben Bernanke who replaced Greenspan.

    This move allows US banks to lower their prime lending rates from 8,25%. It gives banks and borrowers some breathing space. While the consensus expected a drop, most thought it would be 0,25%. This bigger drop gives an indication of the seriousness of the lending environment in the US.

    Other central banks are nearing the end of their tightening and so the US has now taken the lead down again. It’s going to be interesting to see how things develop from here.

    The US dollar declined against some currencies on the announcement of the drop. Gold trades at $719,50/oz and the price of oil in US dollars increased to just below $80/barrel.

    Kind regards

    Ian de Lange

    Permalink2007-09-18, 21:40:02, by ian Email , Leave a comment

    Markets Wait For US Data


    The JSE has opened flat today as investors eye US markets for direction later this afternoon. "Markets are on edge before the release of the Federal Reserve's decision on US monetary policy as investors aren't sure how the markets will react to the data," remarked a Cape Town based trader.

    The rand is slightly weaker but in range until the release of data regarding interest rates in the US. Traders expect the local unit to trade between R7.18-R7.24/$ today.


    Wall Street is set to open weaker today as investors remain nervous ahead of the Fed's announcement and the release of Lehman Brothers third-quarter results before the market opens.

    European markets have also opened cautiously today. The financial sector has made a surprising come-back by outperforming the market despite a recent bad run.

    The Nikkei closed below 16 000 points today as investors remained concerned about the recent global credit problems.


    Cashbuild, the building materials retailer, has increased revenue by 27% and operating profit by 38% for the year ending June.

    DRDGold have made clear their intention to dispose of their 78.7% stake in Emperor Mines. They plan to re-focus their attention on opportunities in the local mining industry.

    DigiCore Holdings have reported a 36% increase in revenue to R440.7 million for the year ending June. Profit for the year has grown by 42% to R95.8 million.

    Permalink2007-09-18, 12:46:40, by Marika Email , Leave a comment

    Know the difference between trading and investing in shares

    There is a difference. A trader is no different from any other, buying something at a certain price and trying to sell at a slightly higher price - he hopes to make a quick buck. Some call it speculating. An investor however, while also having a profit motive, has a totally different approach. A trader will hold shares as his stock in trade, while an investor is more interested in the long term price appreciation and the cash that the asset will generate.

    Because of the relative ease that anyone can set up a brokerage account and start trading, the assumption is made that it’s all too easy. This was brought home again this weekend, when someone who has been trading asked me, what actually happens when he “invests” his R50 000 in a share – how does it actually reach the company in question for them to benefit?

    When I explained to him that the trading or speculating he had been doing over the past few years (i.e. not investing) was not directly benefiting the company’s coffers, but rather that he was buying and selling in the secondary market, he seemed rather surprised. As I say the mechanics of trading are extremely simple when it comes to shares. Contrast this perhaps with trading a commodity such as coal, oil or fruit for example. The ease of trading when combined with a bull market in prices suddenly makes everyone a stock market trader.

    Benjamin Graham, author of Security Analysis and The Intelligent Investor proposed a definition of investing as, “An investment operation is one which, upon thorough analysis, promises safety of principal and a satisfactory return. Operations not meeting these requirements are speculative."

    A speculator can easily buy something without having the faintest idea of its value, in the hope of on selling at a greater profit. An investor however is interested in the security of the capital that he sets aside and then looks at the cash generation of the asset that he is buying. He knows that on balance if he gets this right, the price will take care of itself.

    There is absolutely nothing wrong with trading or speculating – it’s just that so many participants believe that they are investing when in fact they are speculating.

    Speculating has some downside - profits are taxed at much higher marginal tax rates, which at a maximum is 40%. This has a big negative drag on a portfolio return. Capital gains on an investment portfolio are taxed at much lower rates of tax – a maximum of 10% if the investment is owned by a natural person. The 30% differential is reason enough to have the bulk of your wealth on longer term investing.

    It’s also interesting to note how the activity of portfolio managers differs from one to another. Some turn over their portfolio twice a year, while others have a turnover of less than 15% per annum.

    I think it’s appropriate to distinguish your longer term portfolio from shorter term trading.


    Ian de Lange

    Permalink2007-09-17, 19:32:09, by ian Email , Leave a comment

    Overall Market Weakness


    The JSE has opened lower this morning as credit woes continue to put pressure on local and overseas markets. The news that the UK's mortgage lender Northern Rock used the Bank of England as their last choice lender last week has spurred investors to sell stocks.

    The rand is range bound in a quiet day so far. With Japanese markets closed for a public holiday today and investors keeping an eye on the Federal Reserve's report tomorrow, there will be a lot of caution in the market.


    Wall Street is set to open weaker today ahead of the Fed's meeting on Tuesday. The market expects the Fed to reduce rates by a quarter-percentage point and most believe that investors will be disappointed if they don't cut rates lower than that. Investors are also eyeing earnings reports to be released by Wall Street brokerages.

    European markets are lower today following weakness in the financial sector.

    Asian markets closed mixed today as Japanese markets are closed for a holiday. Investors are sitting and waiting for direction from the US.


    Wesizwe Platinum have raised R300 million by placing 40 million ordinary shares at an issue price of R7.50 per share. They are going to use this money to fund the early works programme at their core Frischgewaagd-Ledig project near Rustenburg.

    The Lewis Group have purchased an additional 3% of their own shares on the open market, bringing the total cumulative repurchase to 9.37% of their own shares.

    Mango is to become the first low cost carrier to introduce business class to travellers. Tickets are now available at travel agents.

    Permalink2007-09-17, 13:00:50, by Marika Email , Leave a comment

    JSE falls slightly

    While the JSE closed down 0.54% at 28928, it was a big day on the volume front with over R13 billion trading. But also negative breadth as declines led advances 261 to 176 with 90 shares unchanged. Mining shares fell 0.77% at 37050, while Industrials were down 0.56% at 24745 and financials ended the day down 0.74% at 22964. Gold shares put on 0,2% as bullion moved through $715.oz.

    The best performing sectors of the day were Non-life Insurance Index up 3.5% at 22180, Automobiles & Parts Index up 2.5% at 2477 and Oil & Gas Producers Index up 2.3% at 12433.

    While the market was down, there are still companies trading up to new highs.
    Somme of these today included:

    Rex Trueform up 35% for the N shares to 950c. Fin24 carried the news that Cape based Brimstone had acquired a large stake in the company from Old Mutual.
    Panprop gained 3,2% to 1780c.

    Sasol moved up R300, closing up 2,3% to R305

    MTN, WBHO and Aveng ended down, but all traded at a new high.

    Anglo lost 0.55% at 41820, Billiton was down 1.16% at 21330, Investecp fell 4.26% at 7514.

    The best performing larger cap gold company was Simmers, up 1,9% to 532c

    The Dow was down 0.2% at 13395.94 and the S&P 500 down 0.3% at 1479.47 a few moments ago.

    Gold was up 1.6% at $ 715.75/oz

    The rand was last trading at R 7.15 to the dollar, R 14.37 to the pound and R 9.92 to the Euro.

    That’s all for today

    Have a great weekend


    Ian de Lange


    Permalink2007-09-14, 17:30:53, by ian Email , Leave a comment

    JSE And Rand Firmer


    The JSE opened slighty firmer this morning. Traders don't expect much action on the bourse today as there is no great news to offer direction.

    The rand is also firmer today following other emerging market currencies. Traders believe that the local bourse has the potential to strengthen below the R7/$ level in the next few weeks.


    A blue-chip rally on Wall Street helped boost most world markets overnight. Positive news on GM, McDonalds and Countrywide Financial; as well as a narrower-than-expected rise in weekly jobless claims; all resulted in this performance.

    European markets opened weaker this morning on the back of profit warnings from mortgage lenders, dampening gains on Wall Street overnight.

    Most Asian markets closed higher today. Advances on Wall Street and a positive earnings forecast from Australia's Macquarie Bank boosted markets.


    Datatec's shares dropped by almost 8% yesterday after the company issued a pre-close statement for the 6 months ending August. While trading has been in line with the board's expectations, the market had expected to see higher earnings than the projected 7%.

    The merger between FirstRand and the Lending Division of the Transnet Housing Business Unit has been recommended for approval by the Competition Commission.

    Glenrand has reported a profit after a number of loss making years. This is as a result of several acquisitions made during the year, resulting in the group becoming the largest broker in the Eastern Cape region.

    Permalink2007-09-14, 11:20:53, by Marika Email , Leave a comment

    Investors should avoid Information bias

    I spoke yesterday about some of the questions that investors should ask. Its interesting to note that so many people place greater emphasis on information that is easy to remember and more readily available and far less emphasis on tougher to find information that indeed may be more useful for longer term investing. It’s something that the behavioural studies call the “availability error”.

    Easier to recall stories and information which is more current at any one point in time and perhaps dominating the popular press, gets a higher weighting from investors looking for prospective investments. A classic example would have been technology shares in the late 1990’s. Currently it may be junior miners, construction shares and the number of new shares coming to the market.

    As these companies have become more profitable, so they have attracted sellers looking at selling good chunks at attractive prices to eager investors with money.

    Then you have the JSE starting up an alternative board for smaller companies a few years back - the AltX. It was good timing on their part, slow to start off with but picking up as many companies started to find the JSE an attractive environment to raise capital.

    Naturally the JSE wants to showcase these new listings to the investing community at large, both private and institutional and so starts to run presentations. I received an invitation today for an AltX presentation by the following companies marketing their wares to investors. These are all new companies listed on the JSE.

    Rare Holdings – a distributor and manufacturer of piping and related products.

    Esor – engineering company in the construction industry.

    WG Wearne – supplier of aggregates to construction industry.

    Others include telecoms companies, Vox Telecom, One Logix, Silverbridge, Huge Group (least cost routing), Telemasters (least cost routing)

    Financial services industry, Kagisano, Blue Financial Services, African Dawn

    Then Ansys – control systems for transport and defence and Safic as manufacturer of chemicals for various industries.

    So plenty of new names coming to the market. Some have already performed very well, and some will continue to do well, but most new listings won’t. While some investors love the news flow, placing a lot of weight thereon, studies have indicated that generally the insiders have better insight than the buyers.

    So readily available information will no doubt have a higher weighting than tougher information to find. What about companies such as:

    Mobile – not widely held but listed since 1998.
    KAP – not widely held but listed since 1994.
    UCS – not widely held but listed since 1968

    These companies are not in the news, are not marketing their stories to hungry investors, and information is less readily available. I am not saying that they are superior investments – just that as an investor one needs to always look at the total universe of available options.

    Ask the right questions.


    Ian de Lange


    Permalink2007-09-13, 17:31:42, by ian Email , Leave a comment

    JSE Eyes Wall Street Opening


    The JSE opened slightly firmer this morning. Traders expect a quiet day ahead as investors await the opening of Wall Street and the release of data which should give the bourse some direction.

    A weaker US dollar has resulted in a firmer rand today. The local unit is expected to trade in a R7.08-R7.18/$ range.


    Wall Street is set to open lower today on the back of surging oil prices and a weaker dollar. Rising oil prices could have an effect on inflation which in turn places pressure on the Federal Reserve to lower short-term interest rates.

    The euro has hit a record high against the dollar.

    Asian markets closed mixed today as investors remained cautious amid political tensions and a stronger yen.


    Comair have reported a 27.9% increase in headline earnings per share for the year ending June 2007. Profit rose to R109.16 million from R78.8 million recorded last year.

    Property fun Diversified has bought 7.843 million linked units in Pangbourne Properties for R126.4 million. The acquisition has no material effect on the group's earnings per linked unit.

    Metropolitan Holdings has reported a 35% increase in diluted core headline earnings per share for the 6 months ending June.

    Permalink2007-09-13, 13:25:53, by Marika Email , Leave a comment

    What should an investor be paying attention to?

    The biggest control that an investor has over his investments is the price he pays for a particular share in a business. The return equation is a function of price paid, proceeds received (dividends and final price) and time. Unfortunately an investor has no control over the eventual price and time will take care of itself, so he should be spending a lot of time asking questions about the price he is paying.

    What I am noticing however is that too many investors are not asking enough questions about the price that they are paying for an asset.

    I think one of the reasons for this is that there has been no real necessity over the last few years. The thinking goes something like this. “whatever price I pay, it’s going to be lower than the price in 6 months, one year, or 3 years, so why bother worrying about it.”

    The argument has indeed been true over a few years. Prices of most assets have moved up strongly and so fewer and fewer questions are being asked about the price paid for an investment.

    But you may be thinking, “well what about the price. What do I need to determine, or assess or ask?”

    Well good investors ask good questions. They ask these before they make an investment, knowing that time spent on the determining a good price is time well spent.

    Remember as Buffett says, “price is what you pay, value is what you get”. An investor does not automatically get value - overpaying for an asset will result in little or no value being received.

    Some of the questions an investor should ask may include:

    • Does the price compare well with the intrinsic value?

    • How does the price compare to the current, future and normalised earnings?

    • How has this relationship moved over time. i.e. has the multiple increased or decreased?

    • How does the price compare to the underlying net asset value of the business and how has this relationship moved over time?

    • What is the balance sheet structure of the company. i.e. is it under or over geared and what is the general trend over the years for the particular company?

    • In relation to the gearing, what is the company’s return on assets and return on equity?

    • Is the company issuing new shares or is it buying back shares with excess profits?

    • What is the trend of its dividend payout and what is likely payout in the next few years?

    • Is the company retaining sufficient earnings to grow the future earnings?

    • Has the company reached maturity stage with higher dividend payout ratio, but lower growth prospects?

    Investing in a limited universe of shares is both an absolute and relative process. i.e. An investor must develop some process to assess the price to determined value on an absolute basis and then rank them according to the most attractive to least attractive.

    Over time an investor will succeed where he has a process, continually asks the right questions, and has a well defined consistent process.

    Kind Regards

    Ian de Lange

    Permalink2007-09-12, 17:27:56, by ian Email , Leave a comment

    Investors Cautious After Good Run


    The JSE opened slightly weaker this morning. "Investors are treading more cautiously now after the bourse's recent good run. It should be a quiet week ahead as people wait and see what the market does next," remarked a Cape Town based trader.

    The rand is firmer today, supported by carry trade and the strong euro. The euro has hit a lifetime best against the dollar - climbing as high as $1.3878.


    Wall Street is set to open weaker later today on the back of high oil prices and a weaker dollar. Uncertainty over Japan after the resignation of their prime minister is also weighing heavily on investors' concerns.

    European markets have opened flat today as investors digested gains in the previous session. The telecom sector has been a top performer, boosted by some positive remarks from an analyst.

    Most Asian markets have closed lower today following the announcement of the resignation of Japan's Prime Minister Shinzo Abe. Uncertaintly will now be the overall sentiment in the market, aggravating ongoing fears about the US credit market.


    Eland Platinum's board has strongly recommended that their shareholders accept Xstrata plc's $1 billion bid for the company. Shareholders will get the opportunity to vote on October 5 on this R105/share bid.

    Telkom, Hosken Consolidated Investments and two smaller companies have been granted new pay-TV licences by South Africa's telecommunications regulator.

    Sasfin has reported an increase of 32% in headline earnings for the year ending June. This also translated into a 29% increase in headline earnings per share.

    Permalink2007-09-12, 13:29:27, by Marika Email , Leave a comment

    Construction companies making new highs

    Construction companies have powered ahead, typically generating profits ahead of forecasts and so supporting prices. Today’s new highs were littered with construction related shares.

    One analyst from Imara SP Reid has the forward PE on Aveng dropping from a trailing 18,7 times to 13,4 times and Murray and Roberts from 27,5 times to 19,3 times. Naturally as earnings come in stronger than the general forecasts then valuations appear more attractive helping to push up prices even more.

    WBHO drops from close to a 22 times PE to 14,5 times. These companies are benefiting from large government spend on big projects, but also increase in spending by mines.

    Ceramic Industries produced annual results to the end of July. These give some indication of the strength of the home building and improvement market. This company’s 2 main sales categories are tiles and sanitary ware. Sales of tile increased 21%, but sanitary ware up a massive 57%, albeit it a much smaller base.

    Margins came under some pressure however and the sales increase of 26,7% only translated into operating profit up 13,1% to just shy of R400m. Headline EPS increased15,7% to 1250c per share.

    The dividend was raised 25,9% to 340c. The one aspect about this company is that its shares in issue have actually declined slightly from 18,2m to its current 17,28m shares in issue.

    The share price remained unchanged at 17399c. It’s a tightly held share

    Cashbuild came out with a trading update today saying that it expects its headline earnings per share to increase some 40% to 46% based on 53 trading weeks against 52. Stripping out the 53rd week, this drops to 30% to 36%, so still not bad. These shares ended flat at R64.

    Casbuild shares remained flat at R64.

    Buildmax made a new high at 290c, up 10,2%

    Murray and Roberts up a further 3,99% to 8950c, now with a market cap of R29,7 billion.

    Basil Read up a further 3,2% to 3180c

    WBHO up 2,3% to 11150c

    Esor up 6c to 660c. This has been an excellent new listing, coming onto the market at just below 200c in March 2006. The market is expecting excellent results as its trading on a trailing PE of 29 times. At the beginning of the month it issued a trading update saying that interim period to August should see earnings up between 21c and 25c compared to 8,4c for prior six month period.

    US markets are trading up at this time.

    That’s all for today

    Kind regards

    Ian de Lange

    Permalink2007-09-11, 20:07:42, by ian Email , Leave a comment

    Continued Strength In Metals


    Higher metal prices have boosted the JSE again today with markets opening by over 200 points this morning. Traders expect a good day ahead thanks to strong resource stocks.

    The rand is range bound today. Investors are focusing on overseas markets and keeping an eye on interest rates in the US. The local unit is expected to trade between R7.18-R7.28/$ today.


    Wall Street is set to open lower today as investors remain wary about the future of the US economy. The Federal Reserve Chairman, Ben Bernanke, is set to give a speech in Berlin today and investors will be watching to see if they can pick up any hints about what the Fed plans to do to interest rates next week.

    European markets have opened higher this morning on the back of a positive close on Wall Street and bullish corporate news.

    The Nikkei rebounded after a sluggish start thanks to rising energy and real-estate shares.
    Volatility is still abound.


    Aveng's shares have increased by over 6% today after reporting an impressive set of results yesterday.

    Ceramic Industries have boosted headline earnings per share by 15.7% to 1250 cents for the year ending July. A final dividend of 200 cents has been declared.

    The world's sixth-largest steelmaker, Tata Steel Ltd, is looking to build a steel plant in South Africa. The company is currently in talks and details will be released at a later date.

    Permalink2007-09-11, 12:38:44, by Marika Email , Leave a comment

    Chasing yesterday's winners

    It’s a well known fact that investors chase yesterday’s winner, which more often than not results in lower than expected returns. This goes for allocating money to specific asset classes that have produced excellent immediate past returns.

    It’s interesting when speaking to investors how many want for example want to allocate a large portion of their available funds to residential property. With local investments having performed so strongly few want to place funds offshore, which for many years now have also produced relatively low returns.

    Because many investors have no real consistent investment process when making investments, except using past information, this is where the emphasis is placed.

    In 2005 US based Morningstar published a report on the consequences of chasing winners (Mind the Gap, How Good Funds can yield Bad results). This report was highlighted again by Rob Arnott more recently. He compared the average dollar weighted returns with time weighted returns over the past decade to 2005 for 17 categories of investment funds.

    The time weighted return measures the actual fund performance for all investors in that fund over that period of time. Example if a fund produces a 21% return in one year and 0% in the second year, its annual time weighted return is 10% per annum. I.e. two consecutive 10% gains equals 21% cumulative return.

    But Arnott pointed out that if that same fund has $100m in the first year, but jumps to $1billion in the second year (because of its excellent first year performance), then the dollar weighted average return reduces to only 1,9%. This is a massive shortfall of 8,1% per annum. In other words some of the investors received the full return, but far more received very poor returns.

    Similar studies have been performed over various periods and for various investments and the results come to the same conclusion – it’s merely the quantum that varies slightly. The report found that over various types of funds, i.e. specialist and more conservative, the average shortfall of dollar returns against time weighted returns was 2,8% per annum.

    Any investor without a consistent process has a high probability of slippage against its relevant benchmark.

    Today the market ended mixed with gold shares coming back slightly even as the gold price ended up at $703/oz.

    Three companies in building and construction ended up at new highs. Murray and Roberts at 8607 up 3%.

    Masonite up 4,65% at R45 and Esor at 654c up 6,3%.

    Kind regards

    Ian de Lange

    Permalink2007-09-10, 20:02:57, by ian Email , Leave a comment

    Gold and Platinum Boost JSE


    The JSE has built on earlier gains and remained firm in noon trade today. Gains in gold and platinum prices have lead the bourse higher.

    The rand is slightly firmer today. Last week's disappointing US non-farm payroll data hasn't had much impact on the local unit but this could become a negative factor later this week.


    Wall Street is set for a cautious and mixed start today. Markets in general ended last week on a bad note so investors will be wary about the week ahead.

    European markets have opened mixed this morning. Investors are still trying to digest last week's news over payroll data and are eyeing the opening of the US market for direction.

    Most Asian markets have closed lower today. Renewed concern over growth in the US economy and a falling dollar all added to the negative close.


    Sasol have reported impressive results for the year ending June 2007. There's been a 10.8% increase in headline earnings per share and turnover is up by 19.1%.

    McCarthy Motor Holdings plan to spend R280.5 million to upgrade and develop DaimlerChrysler dealerships over the next 18 months.

    Emperor Mines, a 78.72$ indirect subsidiary of DRDGold, plans to sell the Tolukuma gold mine in Papua New Guinea. This sale is part of the company's restructuring program.

    Permalink2007-09-10, 14:08:08, by Marika Email , Leave a comment

    Gold up

    The gold price in USD moved up today through the $700/oz level. It has not been here since April 2006. This had an immediate impact on local gold shares, where in late afternoon trading the market was down. Across most sectors.

    When one talks about operational leverage, there are few as geared to slightly higher prices than gold companies. Gold mining in South Africa has been described as a sunset industry. Its way past its prime, in terms of volumes coming out of the ground. But there is still money to be made, albeit at higher business risk and a much higher business cost.

    Mines, like most businesses, have had to improve efficiencies, by keep costs as low as possible, aggregating and achieving increased economies of scale to counter the slowing sales per ounce of gold produced.

    So while mines can’t control their revenues, they place a lot of emphasis on the actual volumes production and the cost per ounce of that production. For example Goldfields, in the quarter to end of June, had a production cash cost running at R92 273 per KG. Revenues. Sales came in at R152 825.

    Goldfields actually had a good year to June 2007 with earnings up 53% from R1,5 billion to R2,36 billion. The market cap of the company is R77,4 billion and at this price trades on a trailing PE of 31 times. A year ago the price traded above R150, but has underperformed for the last year back to R118, where it traded today.

    Anglogold is slightly bigger with a market cap of R84,8 billion. The price of this company has not gone anywhere for a long time. It trades on a historical PE of 36 times. The consensus forecast PE however comes down to 18,3 times and then 14,4 times.

    Harmony had a major price decline from R120 to around R70 after the resignation of CEO and then CFO of the company. It has a current market cap of just less than R30 billion trading on a trailing PE of a massive 172 times.

    Simmer and Jack Mines has been a very volatile company, trading up from R1 in 2005 to over R7 this year, only to decline to 450c. Now steadily moving up and today gained over 6% to 550c late in the afternoon. Outside of the gold funds, the biggest holder is Hermes equity fund.

    Late afternoon the price had climbed to $703/oz and the gold shares were up 5%.

    That’s all for now. Have a great weekend


    Ian de Lange

    Permalink2007-09-07, 15:30:37, by ian Email , Leave a comment

    Resources Boost JSE


    The JSE is higher this morning on the back of higher resources and gold prices. Anglo and BHP Billiton are both trading higher, boosted by increased commodity prices in Australia.

    The rand is still range-bound after the Dow closed firmer overnight. Traders are looking ahead at US payrolls data due later this afternoon for some direction.


    Wall Street is set to open lower today. Investors are waiting to hear August's employment report and how this affects interest rates.

    European markets have opened lower this morning with investors treading cautiously ahead of the release of data in the US.

    Most Asian markets closed mixed today. Investors locked in gains and were wary ahead of Wall Street's reaction to data.


    Shares in Harmony Gold have jumped by as much as 6% today, with the rising gold prices helping the stock recover.

    ArcelorMittal SA intend to appeal the Competition Tribunal's decision to impose fines of R691.8 million for contravening the Competition Act by charging excessive prices for their flat steel products.

    Wesizwe Platinum have increased their attributable resources by nearly a fifth during the first half of the year. They applied for a mining right in July.

    Permalink2007-09-07, 13:23:53, by Marika Email , Leave a comment

    Interesting data on the JSE

    Each week the JSE releases some interesting data on turnover numbers going through the bourse. It’s always good to get an idea of the top down or overall framework, before drilling down to the company detail. In and by itself, much of the information is not that useful for long term investors concentrating on stock selection, but it’s important to have an overall view.

    The reserve bank obviously also releases a lot of statistics on the market. Clearly unless one is an economist, I don’t believe that it’s worth getting too carried away with a lot of the detail.

    The total market capitalisation of all companies on the JSE is now at R5604 billion. i.e. R5,6 trillion. This has moved up from R4,5 trillion one year ago. In terms of volumes and values traded, this has escalated steadily but strongly over the year. One of the reasons is the greater emphasis on a company’s share liquidity.

    The 5 largest companies by market cap, Anglos, Billiton, SAB Miller, Richemont and Angloplat, make up R1,8 billion of the R5,6 billion. While Billiton has a market cap of R514 billion on the JSE, its total global market cap is around R1 trillion. In others words bigger than Anglo American.

    The number of trades for the year to date came in at 7,1m up from 5,3m in the same period for last year, a jump of 33%. Corresponding value traded increased from R1,4 trillion to R1,89 trillion, up 31%.

    Foreigners were net buyers of shares to the value of R65billion up from R54 billion in 2006 period. The last week in August it was fairly low, with buyers matching sellers.

    Increased activity in the form of trades and listings on the JSE is all positive for the JSE as a company

    Business Day reported today how the JSE Ltd has ambitions to expand into the rest of Africa in an attempt to consolidate and grow its position. While there are definite risks, stock exchanges are classic “moat” businesses. I.e. in each country or region, there is a dominant player, almost a monopoly, or euphemistically, temporary position of exclusivity.

    High barriers to entry is not necessarily always a given in this type of environment, because stock exchanges act as an intermediary business and there has been some moves by dominant clients to bypass, but again some efficient transparent pricing and administration system will be required.

    The company reported interim results to June 2007 with a number of positives. It’s growing its single stock futures market. While volumes increase and reached new record highs in August, it has not had any failed trades.

    Around the world exchanges such as LSE, NASDAQ, NYSE etc trade on very high multiples of profits. Locally the JSE has been the same, trading on a price earnings ratio of a massive 78 times. Normalised this should be around 30 times historical. The market is looking for stronger growth from this company over the next 2 years and cost efficiencies.

    The JSE has a high cost base, but this is largely a fixed cost base and with greater volumes through a fixed cost base, it has excellent scale economies.

    It’s been a fairly tightly held share and not widely owned amongst the local unit trusts. A couple of the Coronation funds held it at the end of June quarter.

    That’s all for today


    Ian de Lange

    Permalink2007-09-06, 18:29:02, by ian Email , Leave a comment

    Market In Recovery Mode


    The JSE opened higher this morning despite closing negatively yesterday on the back of profit taking. Today's market conditions are characterised by good buying interest and a demand for metal stocks.

    The rand is still in a narrow range, trading around R7.22/$. Investors are looking ahead at the European Central Bank and Bank of England rates decision to be announced later this afternoon.


    Wall Street is set to open higher today. Investors are waiting for retail sales reports due before the open today and the monthly employment figures at the end of the week.

    European markets opened higher this morning. Mining shares are rallying on the back of M&A activity and gains in the oil sector have boosted the market.

    Most Asian markets closed mixed today. The Nikkei rebounded and closed slightly higher thanks to bargain hunters and a weaker yen.


    Spur has reported an 18% rise in revenue for the financial year ending June 30. Restaurant turnover for the year rose by 19.6%, while turnover of existing restaurants have grown by 13.5%.

    Sanlam have reported a 10% decrease in headline earnings per share for the six months ending June. However, total new business volumes were up 26% to R49.8 billion and the group have reported net fund inflows of R1.3 billion.

    Gold Reef has received a take over bid from a private consortium led by Ethos Private Equity for R11.4 billion. This would make this the second-largest private equity deal South Africa has ever seen.

    Permalink2007-09-06, 14:14:27, by Marika Email , Leave a comment

    Some corporate activity on the JSE

    Global markets were negative today. The JSE All Share index fell 1,22%. Gold was up 0,5%. Financials shed 2,1% and Industrials 0,8%. Today we look at some of the corporate news that was released.

    This morning Abil and Ellerines announced that following its due diligences, Abil has now submitted to Ellerines a notice of its firm intention to make an offer to acquire entire issued share capital at a price of R85 per Ellerines shares. Abil will settle by way of a share issue at R32,10 per Abil shares.

    This is an exchange ratio of 265Abil shares for every 100 Ellerine ordinary share, but after accounting for the BEE deal, the ratio falls to 255 per 100

    Abil shares fell 28c to 3172c. Ellerines shares gained 10c to R76.

    Foschini had their AGM today, the company’s 70th. This is a business that puts a lot of emphasis on number of years. The CEO Denis Polak has been with the company for 39 years, spending the last ten as CEO. CEO designate, Doug Murray, has been with the group for 22 years.

    The historical numbers are impressive. Profits of R1,78 billion on turnover of R7,2 billion, with an expansion of operating margins to the highest ever at 26,1%. Comparable headline EPS grew by 18,5% to 534c. Total dividends increased by 22,7% to 270c per share. Return on average equity came in at a very high 32,5%.

    These type of results are why the share price has traded from R10 in 2002 to a peak of R78. Now it’s fallen back to R56 and on a historical PE of 10,5 times and DY of 4,8% perhaps the market is pricing in too much of the bad news coming its way.

    The CEO reiterated that their view is that next year will be one of the most difficult that the group has experienced for many years. However they go on to say that this will probably be short-lived. Some of the reasons for their concerns included, 6 interest rate increases since June 2006, petrol price hikes, and the National Credit Act.

    The share price fell 2,6% to 5591c.

    AECI announced that all conditions have been met for the sale of its Dulux business to ICO Plc. AECI will generate R745m for this business. AECI trades on an historical PE of 11,3. The price closed at 8185c

    Anglo American announced that it had placed 19 million Exxaro shares at R73 per ordinary share by way of an accelerated book building placing. This raised R1,387 billion. Exxaro shares fell 4,5% to 7450c, while Anglo fell just 259c to 41601c.

    US markets are under some pressure and this may set the mood again for tomorrow. Still there are always opportunities in the market, and increasingly so when prices come under pressure due to forced sellers.

    All investors should be working to a longer term strategic investment plan, and trying to avoid getting caught up in the noise, to the detriment of long term wealth creation - sound easy? actually not that difficult with some discipline.


    Ian de Lange

    Permalink2007-09-05, 17:59:30, by ian Email , Leave a comment


    PSG is a company that has produced a total compounded return since 1995 of 66,6%. This is an exceptional return and comes from their presentation to shareholders off the JSE website. The company started off as a placement company, PAG, used by Jannie Mouton as a vehicle to list his PSG business.

    Some of the smaller businesses have posted their presentations. An interesting business with some bigger ambitions is PSG.

    Over the year, it has developed businesses and used the JSE to full advantage, listing businesses when there was demand and delisting and acquiring when there was apathy. In this way the shareholders in the business have benefited from the astute deal making ability of the management.

    Now its looking for a main board listing on the LSE and looking to raise a further R300m to R400m.

    Its also looking at listing Paladin Capital. PSG owns 90% of this company, which is their private equity investment holding company. This has investments in Algoa Insurance Company, which is a small life company.

    Paladin has a 49,9% stake in Thembeka, which is a black owned and controlled investment company with KK Combi as its executive chairman.

    It also owns 58% stake in fast moving consumer goods business CIC Holdings.

    Headline earnings of the business have grown from R85m in 2004 to R651m in 2007. There have been some bigger once off windfalls, such as the sale of its 15% stake in JSE Ltd, which generated a large profit of R425m of the R651 in 2007.

    Over the same period the market cap of PSG grew from R443m to R4,7 billion

    Still the PSG Group has proved adept and growing businesses from small bases to large entities in a relatively short period of time and in so doing generating wealth for shareholders. One business is PSG Konsult, in which it owns 74%. Profit was R0,3m in 2001 and this has grown to R51m in 2007.

    PSG has recently started Quince Capital with Reunert in which it owns 39,8%. This company is looking at niche asset backed finance deals. It started with the Nashua book as the core of its business.

    Besides these, PSG has a number of other stakes in various businesses. It owns 34,9% in Capitec Bank and 34,4% in Channel Life, a life business controlled by Sanlam.

    PSG shares fell 25c to R25 today, off its highs around R30. This trades above net asset value of 1585c, but management has proved very efficient at generating superior results off low asset bases.

    That’s all for now


    Ian de Lange

    Permalink2007-09-04, 19:42:01, by ian Email , Leave a comment

    Telecommunications saw JSE off to good start

    Late afternoon saw MTN and Telkom issue simultaneous cautionary announcements. This helped boost a market in terms of activity on a day which was otherwise slow with the US markets closed. Value traded came in at over R9 billion thanks to MTN and Telkom.

    Telkom owns 50% of Vodacom. There have been rumours for some time that Telkom would disinvest given the growing competition between the activities of Vodacom and its subsidiary Vodacom.

    UK based Vodafone Group Plc owns the other 50% of Vodacom having bought out the 15% minority stake from Venfin a couple of years ago. At that stage Vodacom was valued had an implied value of over R100 billion with the buyout of Venfin by Vodafone.

    It was a massive implied price at the time and Venfin shareholders did very nicely out of the deal.

    Now there is a possibility of MTN buying the fixed line business and Vodafone buying the remaining 50% and taking its stake up to 100%. Telkom has a market cap of R101,8 billion after today’s big price rise to 19099c.

    MTN has a market cap of R197 billion. It fell 2,5% on the day. MTN’s profit for 6 months to end of June was R5,5 billion on revenue of R34,2 billion.

    Full year was R10,6 on revenue of R51,6 billion. MTN shares fell on the day, but trade on a PE ratio of 17 times

    Vodacom generated revenue of R41,1bn for the 12 months to March 2007 and net attributable profit of R6,3 billion. Very simplistically on a similar rating of 17 times a value of R110m is again achieved for 100% of Vodacom, valuing the 50% held by Telkom at around R50bn to R55bn, possible more for outright control.

    The fixed line business within Telkom would then be the balance, currently valued by the market at around R50bn.

    MTN may be looking at some of the assets that Telkom owns via Vodacom or it could look at buying out the actual fixed line business. Any acquisition by MTN will have the potential to grow this into a very big business. It is already heavily invested across Africa and into the Middle East. In terms of market cap size, it’s the 6th biggest on the JSE.

    Telkom shares have gained from around R125 eight months ago to a new high at current levels, now at R190,99. It is widely owned by many of the unit trust funds. Some of the ones buying into Telkom in the last quarter included:

    Future growth funds, Prudential equity, Sanlam Balanced and Fraters Earth Equity.

    It’s an interesting story and will be closely followed.


    Ian de Lange

    Permalink2007-09-03, 21:16:29, by ian Email , Leave a comment